Agricultural productivity can only be increased today using advanced technology, in Mexico a forgotten technology for various reasons that go beyond the purpose of this work, is mechanical technology, i.e. agricultural mechanization, is a crucial input for agricultural production and one that has historically been neglected within the context of developing countries. Factors that reduce the availability of agricultural energy compromise the ability to grow enough land and have long been recognized as a source of poverty. By increasing the supply of energy to agriculture, more tasks can be done at the right time and larger areas can be grown to produce larger quantities of crops and conserve natural resources. Several authors conclude that agricultural mechanization is necessary to increase the productivity of crops, among others. For this reason present the trends and perspectives of agricultural mechanization in Mexico for the 21st century, the former being necessary for national agriculture to emerge from the lethargy it has been in during the last century, which has led the country to a state of food in security, which has been hidden by government agencies for years. It presents a great opportunity to detonate the agricultural and industrial sector by taking advantage of the conditions of lack of equipment and agricultural machinery for all agricultural processes, since the design and national manufacture of these goods would turn the country into an agricultural and industrial power, increasing employment and development of both sectors and reduce poverty.
KeyWords: Agriculture Tractorization; Harvester: Planter.